Thursday, January 31, 2019

Julius Gross


photographer J Gross,
St. Louis, MO
Example from E Wiessing

Young Lincoln
from Julius Gross
1001 South Broadway, Saint Louis, MO
example from contributor CDavis

Julius Gross
(1832- 1904)

1832 Jun 14
Potsdam, Germany, Julius Gross is born
1860
Carondelet, St Louis, MO, US census Julius Gross as painter
1864
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross listed as artist boarding at 2nd and Almond;
1865
St Louis, MO, city directory, neither Cramer nor Gross are listed in residential or business pages
1866 Jan 02
St Louis, MO, state records, Julius Gross marries Elizabeth Lisette Steffenauer
1866
St Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross is at 333 s Fifth st as Cramer and Gross
1867 to 1873
St Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross is at 1264 s Fifth st as Cramer, Gross and Company
1874 - 1875
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Fifth as Cramer, Gross and Co

1876
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Fifth as Cramer G, successor to Cramer, Gross and Co.
1877 - 1878
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Fifth st as Cramer, Gross and Co; Gustav Cramer, Julian Gross and Henry Schoo, photographers
1879
St Louis, MO, city directory NOT AVAILABLE
1880
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as artist; res e s Dubreuil nr Lafayette av; Gustave Cramer as photographer and artist at 1001 s 5th; US census lists Gross as an oil painter; res 63 Dubruel st
1881
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as artist, res 1001 s 5th ; Gustave Cramer as photographer and artist at 1001 s 5th; res 2825 Lemp av ;
1882
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as artist with G “Craemer”; res Columbia, IL; Gustav Cramer is listed as photographer at 1001 s 5th ; no mention of Cramer and Gross and Co, studio listed only as Gustav Cramer


1883
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as artist with G Cramer; Gustav Cramer is listed at photographer at 1001 s 5th; (Note: it is this year that Cramer begins his Dry Plate business)
(Note: Sometime around 1885 Fifth street was renamed as Broadway)
1884, 1885, 1887
St Louis, MO, city directory Julius Gross as artist at 1001 s Broadway, res same; Gustav Cramer as photographer at 1001 s Broadway
1886 and 1888 city directories not available
1889
Saint Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Broadway; res same; partners with William Grimm; second location at cor Olive and Jefferson
1891 - 1899
Saint Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Broadway; res 1118 s 9th
1900
Saint Louis, MO, city directory not available
1900 Jun 09
Saint Louis, MO, US census Julius Gross as portrait artist; res 1016 Gratton st

1901
Saint Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Broadway; res 1016 Grattan
1902
Saint Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross as photographer at 1001 s Broadway; residential and business pages

Saint Louis (MO)Post Dispatch - 21 Jun 1904

The obituary dates conflict with the city directory and US census information.

1903
Saint Louis, MO, city directory, Julius Gross is NOT listed; no studio is listed at 1001 s Broadway
1904 Jun 19
Saint Louis, MO, state records, Julius Gross dies at age 72

Julius Gross arrived in the US probably in his early teens. No records have been found to support this. He began his career as a portrait painter and added the new profession of photographer about 1865. After having studios in St Louis at 333 s Fifth and 1264 s Fifth, he joined Gustav Cramer in a studio at 1001 s Fifth. He stayed there as artist, photographer, and finally proprietor until his retirement in 1902.
Gustave Cramer left the partnership in about 1889 to pursue the photographic dry plate business.

From about 1889 on Julius Gross operated and sometimes resided, at 1001 South Fifth/Broadway. Fifth Street was renamed Broadway sometime around 1885. The print of the drawing at the top of this page was likely done after 1889.

Photograph studios often had displays of mounted photographs of buildings, events, scenery and famous people for sale. These “Views” as the called them, were also sold in novelty stores and at fairs and festivals. Remember, a photograph was a wonder and a curiosity in the late 1800’s regardless of the subject. It was also quite legal to sell photographs of celebrities and important figures.

The pencil drawing of Lincoln was probably done by Gross himself as his main occupation was portrait artist. It could have been printed and reprinted any time after the street name was changed from Fifth to Broadway in 1885. Further it is quite likely the card was finished after Cramer left the partnership in 1888 when Gross was operating more or less on his own.

Abraham Lincoln died in 1865.

Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 08 Feb 1898



photographer: J Gross
1001 So. Broadway, St Louis, MO
example from auction site

At the left is an example of a "View" finished by a photographer for sale in his studio or novelty shops.

This one was obviously finished just after 27 May 1896.

Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 16 Jun 1896



Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 20 Jun 1898

Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 18 Jun 1899

Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 05 Jul 1895



From Ancestry.com,
said to be a portrait of Julius Gross

photographer: Gross
St Louis, MO
example from auction site

reverse of the example at the left

photographer: Gross
St Louis, MO
example from Langdon Road


photographer: Gross and Co.
St Louis, MO
example from auction site
probably finished around 1889

photographer: Gross
St Louis, MO
example from auction site

photographer: Gross
St Louis, MO
example from auction site

There are no examples of the work of Julius Gross in LOST GALLERY. This page is added as a supplement to the page on Gustave Cramer who was in partnership with Gross at 1001 South Fifth, in Saint Louis, MO, between 1864 and 1888.

All examples on this page are from external sources.

Not the one you were looking for?
Here's the photographer's INDEX by name. Listed here are all the Cabinet Card photographers of the 19th century found in LOST GALLERY. This is a work in progress. For a look at the original postings go to
LOST GALLERY.

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Phillip Edward Chillman



photographer: P L Chillman
914 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA


reverse of card at left

There were at least three photographers named Chillman in Philadelphia, PA. They were all related. Phillip Edward Chillman began in photography in 1863 about the same time as his brother, Henry R Chillman.

P E Chillman opened his first studio in 1874 at 18 s 8th Street. In about 1880, he moved his operation to 914 Arch. Around 1899, Phillip Edward Chillman began to concentrate his work on water color landscapes. His son James H Chillman carried on the studio at 914 Arch, under the name P E Chillman and Company until 1906.

Phillip Edward Chillman
(1841-1915)

1841 Feb 07
Philadelphia, PA, state records, Phillip Edward Chillman is born to James Chillman & Susannah
Nannwelthoven
1861
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman NOT listed, his father James Chillman is listed as bookbinder; res 1714 n 12th
1862
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman NOT listed; James Chillman NOT listed

1863
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Edward Chillman as photographer at 1514 Amboy
1864
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman NOT listed; James Chillman listed as bookbinder
1865
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman as photographer at 1324 n 23rd; NOT in business pages
1866, 1867, 1868
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 1324 n 23rd; H R Chillman listed as photographer, 1725 n 11th; neither of them are listed in the business pages
1970, 1871
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman NOT listed; Henry R Chillman as photographer at 1725 n 11th; neither listed in business pages
1872, 1873
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 1324 n 23rd; Henry Chillman NOT listed
1874, 1875
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P Edward Chillman as photographer for P Edward Chillman and Co at 18 s 8th, res 1322 n 23rd; Henry Chillman no occupation shown; res Johnson c Green Germantown


1876
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P Edward Chillman as photographer for P Edward Chillman and Co at 18 s 8th , res Johnson n Green. Gtn ; Susan A Chillman listed as Widow of James M. res Johnson n Green, Gtn
1877
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P Edward Chillman as photographer for P Edward Chillman and Co at 18 s 8th; Susan A Chillman listed as Widow of James M. res Johnson n Green, Gtn
1878
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P Edward Chillman as photographer for P Edward Chillman and Co at 18 s 8th, res 1832 van Pelt; Henry R Chillman as photographer, res 31 Queen, Gtn
1879
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P Edward Chillman as photographer with P Edward Chillman and Co at 18 s 8th; (Berkley Gorman); Henry R Chillman as photographer, res Johnson, n Green, Gtn
1880, 1881, 1882
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res 2153 Woodstock; Henry R Chillman NOT listed

1881 Nov 20
Philadelphia (PA) Times news item says the photograph gallery at 18 s 8th, formerly Chillman and Co, will be reopened by C Buckwalter, formerly with Gilbert and Bacon studio
1883, 1884, 1885
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res 2125 n 13th
1886
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res n 27th cor Meade, C Hill;
1887, 1888
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res N 27th n Highland av, C Hill; James H Chillman as photographer, res same as Phillip
1889
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch, res: 27th c Meade, C Hill; James H Chillman as photographer at same address
1890
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch, res Chestnut av n N 28th, C Hill; James H Chillman as photographer same address

1891
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res: C Hill av n N 27th, C Hill; James H Chillmanas photographer, res: Same as Phillip
1892
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch; res: 1138 Mt Vernon; James H Chillman as photographer, res: 2001 n 22nd
1893
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, Phillip E Chillman as photographer at 914 Arch, res: 656n 11th; James H Chillman as photographer, res: 2001 n 22nd
1894
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman as photographer with firm named “P E Chillman” consisting of Phillip Edward Chillman, James H Chillman and T Edwin Cotton at 914 Arch; res 2125 n 13th;
1895
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman as photographer with firm named “P E Chillman” consisting of Phillip Edward Chillman, James H Chillman and T Edwin Cotton at 914 Arch; res 1710 n 13th;

1896
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman is not actually listed but P E Chillman and Co is still listed at 914 Arch, with James H Chillman and T Edwin Cotton as photographer
1897
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman is not actually listed but P E Chillman and Co is still listed at 914 Arch with James H Chillman as photographer, res 2001 n 22nd
1898
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman is not actually listed; James H Chillman is now Manager of the P E Chillman photo studio at 914 Arch; res 2001 n 22nd
1899, 1900
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman NOT listed; James H Chillman as photographer at P E Chillman studio at 914 Arch; res 2001 n 22nd
1900 Jun 12
Philadelphia, PA, US census, Phillip E Chillman as ARTIST, res 909 Corinthian Av
1901
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, P E Chillman NOT listed; James H Chillman as photographer at P E Chillman studio at 914 Arch; res 125 w Logan, Gtn; again, Phillip Edward Chillman is NOT listed


1902
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as photographer at P E Chillman Studio, 914 Arch; res 125 W Logan, Gtn
1903
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, (Business only) P E Chillman studio at 914 Arch
1903 Jul 19
Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer news item says that P E Chillman, well known landscape artistfrom Philadelphia, is working at Perkiomen Valley, PA
1904
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as photographer at P E Chillman Studio, 914 Arch; res 125 W Logan, Gtn
1904 Aug 09
Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer, news item says that Mr and Mrs P E Chillman are now sketching at Nazareth, PA
1905, 1906, 1907
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as photographer at P E Chillman Stucio, 914 Arch, res 127 Logan; P E Chillman now listed again as Artist, res 1635 Bristol

1908, 1909, 1910, 1911
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as clerk, res 127 Logan; Phillip Chillman as artist; res 119 Ashmead, Gtn ( P E Chillman studio NOT listed, DeWitt C Williams has taken over the location at 914 Arch and stays at least through 1915)
1911 Dec 04
Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer news item says funeral for Hattie A Chillman, wife of Phillip E Chillman, to be held at her late residence 119 w Ashmead
1912
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as clerk, res 127 Logan; Phillip Chillman as artist; res 119 Ashmead, Gtn ( P E Chillman studio NOT listed); Annette Chillman listed as Widow of James, res 1603 Norris (May not be related)
1913, 1914
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, NO Chillman is listed; odd because there are three the year prior

1915
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, incomplete, res section starts with letter “I”; Business section lists no Chillman Studio; DeWitt Williams, photographer is at 914 Arch
1915 Jan 06
Philadelphia, PA, state records, Phillip Edward Chillman dies of bronchial pneumonia at age 73; listed as artist, address given as 1138 Mt Vernon
1916
Philadelphia, PA, city directory, James H Chillman as photographer, res 127 Logan, Gtn; (Note: in this directory, Annette Chillman is listed as Widow of Edward, res 2225 n 22nd; The confusion is that Edward Fenimore Chillman was married to Anna Virginia Yard and Annette Lomas was the wife of Phillip Edward Chillman; Annette Chillman, 1603 Norris, is listed as widow of James in the 1912 directory)


The Philadelphia (PA) Times - 20 Nov 1881

The Philadelphia (PA) Times - 01 Feb 1897


Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer - 20 Oct 1897


Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer - 19 Jul 1903


Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer - 09 Aug 1904


Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer - 04 Dec 1911



photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

reverse of the card at the left

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site


photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example form Free Library of Philadelphia



photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

photographer P E Chillman
914 Arch, Philadelphia
example from auction site

This is an example of the watercolor landscapes done by P E Chillman. There are many available for sale today.

Not the one you were looking for?
Here's the photographer's INDEX by name. Listed here are all the Cabinet Card photographers of the 19th century found in LOST GALLERY. This is a work in progress. For a look at the original postings go to
LOST GALLERY.

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Gustav Cramer



photographer:
Cramer
1001 south 5th
cor Chouteau Ave.
St Louis, MO


reverse of the card at the left

Gustav Adolph Cramer
(20 May 1838 - 16 Jul 1914)

Sources: mostly St Louis, MO, city directories

1838 May 20
Eschwege, Germany, Gustav Cramer is born to Emanuel and Dorthea Cramer
1859
Cramer arrives in the US works as apprentice to John A Scholten
1860
Carondelet, MO, Cramer opens first gallery but operates only for about 6 months and then enlists for three months with the Missouri Volunteers of the Civil War
1861
Carondelet, MO, After the Battle of Carthage, 5 Jul 1861, Cramer returns to find his gallery has closed
1863 May
Carondelet, MO, Cramer pays 15 dollar tax fee and registers as photographer

1864
St Louis, MO, Cramer teams with portrait painter Julius Gross and opens a gallery called Cramer and Gross
1865
St Louis, MO, city directory, 91 s Fourth as Hermann Gross; Cramer NOT listed
1866
St Louis, MO, 333 s Fifth st as Cramer and Gross, photographers
1866
St Louis, MO, city directory (T A Holland) 1264 s Fourth st, as Cramer and Gross, photographers (probably a miss-print)
1866
St Louis, MO, city directory (Missouri Version) fourth st, se cor Herman Gross only; Cramer not listed
1867 - 1869
St Louis, MO, city directory 1264 s Fifth as Cramer and Gross, as photographers

-- continued in next row --


1870 - 1875
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth as Cramer, Gross and Co, photographers
1876
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth as Cramer G, successor to Cramer, Gross and Co.
1877 - 1878
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth st as Cramer, Gross and Co. (again); Gustav Cramer, Julian Gross and Henry Schoo, photographers
1879
St Louis, MO, city directory NOT AVAILABLE
1880
St Louis, MO, city directory, 1001 s Fifth as Gustave Cramer, photographer; Herman Norden not listed in St Louis, MO, city directory
1881
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth as Gustave Cramer, photographer in business pages; res pages show Herman Norden with Cramer and Norden at 1001 s Fifth

1882
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth as Gustave Cramer, photographer in business pages; res pages show Herman Norden with Cramer and Norden at 1001 s Fifth
1883
St Louis, MO, city directory 1001 s Fifth as Gustave Cramer, photographer; Norden is in res pages as Photographer and Dry Plates (note: not associated with Cramer); Business pages show Norden H as Dry Plate mfgr at 827 Chouteau av.
1884 - 1887
St Louis, MO, city directory, 1001 s Fifth as Gustave Cramer, photographer
1887
Cramer is president of the Photographer’s Association of America
1888
St Louis, MO, city directory NOT AVAILABLE
1889 - 1895
St Louis, MO, city directory, at Shenandoah ne cor Buena Vista as Cramer G Dry Plate Works

1897 - 1901
St Louis, MO, city directory Lemp Av n cor Shenandoah as Cramer G Dry Plate Co
1910
St Louis, MO, city directory 1821 Shenandoah as Cramer G Dry Plate Co
1914 Jul 16
St Louis, MO, Gustav Cramer dies at age 76

The cabinet card in this collection has only the Cramer name on the reverse. It appears the only time he worked alone at 1001 s Fifth was briefly in 1876 and then again after 1879. Although Hermann Norden is sometimes listed as a partner in the gallery, 1881 and 1882, city directories list the studio only as Cramer Photography.

There is a fine bio on Gustav Cramer at Historic Camera

Saint Louis (MO) Post Dispatch - 05 Jul 1895



Photographer Cramer
St Louis, MO
Source unknown

photographer: Cramer
St Louis, MO
Example found on auction site


slightly enhanced
photographer: Gustave Cramer
1001 South Fifth
St. Louis, MO

reverse of the CDV at the left

photographer: Gustave Cramer
1001 South Fifth
St. Louis, MO

Reverse of CDV at the left

photographer: Cramer and Gross and Company
1200 and 1264 South Fifth Street
St. Louis, MO


photographer: Gustave Cramer
1001 South Fifth
St. Louis, MO

reverse of CDV at the left

photographer: Gustave Cramer
1001 South Fifth
St. Louis, MO

reverse of CDV at the left

photographer: Cramer and Gross and Company
1200 and 1264 South Fifth Street
St. Louis, MO

Not the one you were looking for?
Here's the photographer's INDEX by name. Listed here are all the Cabinet Card photographers of the 19th century found in LOST GALLERY. This is a work in progress. For a look at the original postings go to
LOST GALLERY.

Old stuff here...

About Me

My photo
I am 4' 3", eat small insects, dress in the dark and take annual showers.